Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement (IRSSA)

As Survivors and advocate groups pressured the government to address Survivors’ concerns, a substantial number of class action lawsuits were initiated. After negotiation with key Aboriginal groups and representatives, the Government of Canada implemented the “Indian Residential School Settlement Agreement” in 2007. The agreement provided for restitution and redress through a number of financial initiatives and programs. Processes for the resolution of claims and for the reimbursement of legal expenses were established, and funds were allotted for healing and commemoration initiatives like those conducted on the “National Day of Reconciliation.” A Funding Allowance also endowed the Aboriginal Healing Foundation with $125 million for a five-year period. Programs included a “Common Experience Payment” program, a Commemoration Program, and an Advocacy and Public Information program. In addition, the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) was created.